Castle of Gjirokaster in Albania

Castle over 19th-century traditional Ottoman style houses, in Gjirokastra (Gjirokaster), UNESCO World Heritage Site, Albania

Gjirokastër Castle is a fortress in Gjirokastër, Albania (during Ottoman rule it was historically known as Ergiri while local Greeks referred to it as Argyrokastro, a name applied also to the castle). Gjirokastër Castle is situated at a height of 336 metre.

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The castle dominates the town and overlooks the strategically important route along the river valley. It is open to visitors and contains a military museum featuring captured artillery and memorabilia of the Communist resistance against German occupation, as well as a captured United States Air Force plane to commemorate the Communist regime’s struggle against the “imperialist” western powers.

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The citadel has existed in various forms since before the 12th century. Extensive renovations and a westward addition was added by Ali Pasha of Tepelene after 1812. The government of King Zog expanded the castle prison in 1932.

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Today it possesses five towers and houses, the new Gjirokastër Museum, a clock tower, a church, a cistern, the stage of the National Folk Festival, and many other points of interest.

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The castle’s prison was used extensively by Zog’s government and housed political prisoners during the Communist regime.

In: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gjirokastër_Fortress

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